It is only natural for your heart to skip a beat every time your baby sneezes or coughs or works up a temperature. Every baby is different and hence the way every baby needs to be handled differs. It would be so much easier if your doctor could tell you everything about your baby the minute it was delivered.

Unfortunately more often than not it is all up to you and your maternal instincts to figure out what is wrong with your baby and how to go about treating it. There are certain conditions under which you should not prolong a visit to the paediatrician.

  1.  If your baby has a prolonged cold which has lasted for more than four days
  2.  If your baby is running a temperature more than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit
  3.  If your baby has no appetite or if he or she is vomiting
  4.  If your baby has trouble with regular breathing
  5.  If your baby looks sick

However, it is natural for your baby to have a runny nose every now and then or have a light temperature. We give you 5 common illnesses your baby could possibly get and ways to cope with them.

1.  Common Colds and Other Upper Respiratory Infections

A baby’s immune system is still figuring out how to work its way around the various infections it encounters on a day to day basis. The most common symptom seen in a baby is a runny nose with a mild temperature. There are various reasons why your baby is sneezing or coughing. It could be that he or she is allergic to something eaten or something in the air around him. It could also be that he has caught a viral infection. In any case, keep your child well hydrated by giving plenty of fluids. If symptoms persist or if your baby is too young, consult your doctor.

2. Diaper Rash

baby diaperA diaper rash is every parent’s nightmare. It makes the baby cranky and uncomfortable. It burns and stings every time your baby has to pass urine. A lingering wetness or an allergy to the material used in the diaper is primary causes of a diaper rash.

Keep your baby clean and dry after each diaper change.  Apply a good antiseptic baby cream if the rash is very bad. Also, applying a good and clean coconut oil  helps soothe the irritated skin caused by diaper rash.

3. Vomiting and Diarrhoea

Vomiting and diarrhoea are invariably the effect of a viral infection. They are usually accompanied by mild fevers and leave your baby feeling weak and drained of all energy. Constant vomiting or diarrhoea may leave your child dehydrated, so give him enough fluids and see your doctor soon.

4.  Fevers

A baby’s temperature should always be measured using the rectal method. A fever is the first signs that your baby is not well. It means your baby is trying unsuccessfully to deal with something new.

5. Colic

Colic aches have been the reason for a parent’s restless nights. Stomach pains caused by gastric troubles keep the baby uncomfortable and awake most nights. This leaves the parents worried and stressed through most of the night

Preventive measures to battle common illnesses

1. Clean hands

Make sure you have washed and disinfected your hands before handling your baby. Especially while doing things like feeding your baby or changing diapers or doing anything else which involves a direct contact with your bay, ensure that you have clean hands.

2. Avoid Crowds

Avoid taking your baby into heavily crowded areas. Your infant is more likely to catch an infection from other children or other individuals suffering from an infection when exposed to a crowd

3. Be regular with vaccinations

Not just vaccinations for your baby but make sure you are vaccinated against flu so that you do not pass it on to your baby.

These  little precautions can reduce the frequency with which your baby falls ill. Keep your doctor’s number handy but do not give in to panic. Your baby can sense your panic and will tend to get more scared and frightened because of you. Stay calm and deal with the situation.